The basic structure of a formal letter: The rules might be arbitrary, but taken together they create a formula that produces clarity. When a letter follows all the rules, the reader doesn’t have to struggle to figure out where a piece of information might be, what action they should take next, or who sent it _ everything can be found in its place. Knowing the rules of letter writing is, in that sense, akin to knowing the rules of page layout or web design _ the format of the document should support and clarify the content.
Closing the Letter. Choose a Closing: One must use a proper closing in a business letter. Use a comma (,) after it. Sign the Letter: Always sign the letter in ink. If sending a printed copy, always affix the scanned signature. Make Note of Enclosure: One must properly enclose a list of attached documents with the letter. One can use the abbreviation of the enclosure, i.e., Encl. or Enc.