The basic structure of a formal letter: The rules might be arbitrary, but taken together they create a formula that produces clarity. When a letter follows all the rules, the reader doesn’t have to struggle to figure out where a piece of information might be, what action they should take next, or who sent it _ everything can be found in its place. Knowing the rules of letter writing is, in that sense, akin to knowing the rules of page layout or web design _ the format of the document should support and clarify the content.
Signatures if You're Emailing. If you are sending your cover letter or inquiry letter by email, end with a polite sign_off followed by your full name. You do not need to sign a cover letter that is being sent electronically. Write out your full name in the same font as the rest of the letter, and there's no need for italics or a handwriting font. The formatting here is very similar to an uploaded cover letter. However, emails do not contain a header with your phone number or other contact information. It's a good idea to include these details in your closing paragraph or after your typed signature. That makes it easy for the employer or networking contact to get in touch with you.