The basic structure of a formal letter: The rules might be arbitrary, but taken together they create a formula that produces clarity. When a letter follows all the rules, the reader doesn’t have to struggle to figure out where a piece of information might be, what action they should take next, or who sent it _ everything can be found in its place. Knowing the rules of letter writing is, in that sense, akin to knowing the rules of page layout or web design _ the format of the document should support and clarify the content.
If your intent is to persuade the recipient in some way, whether it's to invest money, give you a reference, hire you, partner with you, or fix an issue, create a compelling case for your cause. If, for example, you want the reader to sponsor a charity event, identify any overlap with their company’s philanthropic goals. Convince the reader that helping you would be mutually beneficial, and you will increase your chances of winning their support. Keep your closing paragraph to two sentences. Simply reiterate your reason for writing and thank the reader for considering your request.