Subject: It is a brief statement mentioning the reason for writing the letter. It should be clear, eye catchy, short, simple, and easily understandable. The Greeting: It contains the words to greet the recipient. It is also known as the salutation. The type of salutation depends upon the relationship with the recipient. It generally includes words like Dear, Respected, or just Sir/Madam. A comma (,) usually follow the salutation. The Body Paragraphs: This is the main part of the letter. It contains the actual message of the sender. The main body of the mail must be clear and simple to understand. A body of the letter is basically divided into three main categories.
Formal communication is on the wane in modern life, but there are still times when it's the only correct way to reinforce a connection or convey information. If you're applying for a job, looking for a recommendation, or expanding your network, err on the side of formality. Don't let the slightly archaic feel of a formal business letter tempt you into using flowery, outdated language.