The basic structure of a formal letter: The rules might be arbitrary, but taken together they create a formula that produces clarity. When a letter follows all the rules, the reader doesn’t have to struggle to figure out where a piece of information might be, what action they should take next, or who sent it _ everything can be found in its place. Knowing the rules of letter writing is, in that sense, akin to knowing the rules of page layout or web design _ the format of the document should support and clarify the content.
For uploaded or mailed cover letters, you do not need to include as much information as you would in an email message, because the heading of your cover letter includes your contact information. For a paper cover letter, use a formal business_style letter format which includes a heading, salutation, the body of the letter, closing, and your signature. Review these guidelines for what to include in your letter.