Subject: It is a brief statement mentioning the reason for writing the letter. It should be clear, eye catchy, short, simple, and easily understandable. The Greeting: It contains the words to greet the recipient. It is also known as the salutation. The type of salutation depends upon the relationship with the recipient. It generally includes words like Dear, Respected, or just Sir/Madam. A comma (,) usually follow the salutation. The Body Paragraphs: This is the main part of the letter. It contains the actual message of the sender. The main body of the mail must be clear and simple to understand. A body of the letter is basically divided into three main categories.
The basic structure of a formal letter: The rules might be arbitrary, but taken together they create a formula that produces clarity. When a letter follows all the rules, the reader doesn’t have to struggle to figure out where a piece of information might be, what action they should take next, or who sent it _ everything can be found in its place. Knowing the rules of letter writing is, in that sense, akin to knowing the rules of page layout or web design _ the format of the document should support and clarify the content.