Subject: It is a brief statement mentioning the reason for writing the letter. It should be clear, eye catchy, short, simple, and easily understandable. The Greeting: It contains the words to greet the recipient. It is also known as the salutation. The type of salutation depends upon the relationship with the recipient. It generally includes words like Dear, Respected, or just Sir/Madam. A comma (,) usually follow the salutation. The Body Paragraphs: This is the main part of the letter. It contains the actual message of the sender. The main body of the mail must be clear and simple to understand. A body of the letter is basically divided into three main categories.
Closing the Letter. Choose a Closing: One must use a proper closing in a business letter. Use a comma (,) after it. Sign the Letter: Always sign the letter in ink. If sending a printed copy, always affix the scanned signature. Make Note of Enclosure: One must properly enclose a list of attached documents with the letter. One can use the abbreviation of the enclosure, i.e., Encl. or Enc.