Subject: It is a brief statement mentioning the reason for writing the letter. It should be clear, eye catchy, short, simple, and easily understandable. The Greeting: It contains the words to greet the recipient. It is also known as the salutation. The type of salutation depends upon the relationship with the recipient. It generally includes words like Dear, Respected, or just Sir/Madam. A comma (,) usually follow the salutation. The Body Paragraphs: This is the main part of the letter. It contains the actual message of the sender. The main body of the mail must be clear and simple to understand. A body of the letter is basically divided into three main categories.
It is established etiquette by the Joint Chiefs of Staff, United States Department of Defense, the U.S. Army, the U.S. Navy, and the U.S. Air Force that the closing “Respectfully yours” be reserved for the President of the United States (according to U.S. Army standards, this also extends to the first lady and the President_elect).