Application letters and cover letters. Many people believe that application letters and cover letters are essentially the same. For purposes of this handout, though, these kinds of letters are different. The letter of application is a sales letter in which you market your skills, abilities, and knowledge. A cover letter, on the other hand, is primarily a document of transmittal. It identifies an item being sent, the person to whom it is being sent, and the reason for its being sent, and provides a permanent record of the transmittal for both the writer and the reader.
Composing the Body. Strike the Right Tone: The tone of the letter must be formal, clear and polite. Do not use fancy, lengthy, and big words. One must be persuasive in the letter. Use of Personal Pronoun: One can use the personal pronouns in a business letter. If writing on behalf of the organization one must use ‘we’ instead of ‘I’. Write Precisely and Clearly: The content of the letter must be precise, clear, brief, and easily understandable. Use the Active Voice: Always write your letter in an active voice. Be Courteous: Always write a letter in a polite and respectful way. Always use courteous words. Use Additional Pages: If the matter is not fitting in one page of the letterhead, use the second page. One must keep in mind to include the page number on the second and subsequent pages.