While a simple "Hi," "Hello," or even "Hey" is appropriate in casual correspondence, a more formal salutation is appropriate when you are emailing about a business_related matter, such as a cover letter, letter of recommendation, or inquiry letter.
Since your signature is likely to be difficult to read, type your name down a couple of lines so that your reader knows who is writing to them. Enclosures: (Below signature block) If you have included any further material _ a business card, a brochure, a price sheet, whatever _ list the number of items and describe each. Finally, proofread, proofread, and proofread again. While a friend might excuse even the worst spelling and grammar, a business letter is often your first (and maybe only) chance to make an impression _ it needs to be impeccable.